The database provides real-world examples that can be used as training aids. This will often reinforce what is considered to be common sense. Be aware that the database records prove (beyond reasonable doubt) that some common-sense wisdom is incorrect.
For example, it is a myth that the most dangerous time for deminers is shortly after their initial training. On the contrary, there is some evidence to suggest that deminers actually become more likely to have an accident the longer they work as a deminer.
The links below take you to a few examples of accidents that fit a few training topics. There are examples to fit every training need among the database records. Those given here cover:
Need for eye protection during excavation
Need for appropriate hand-tools
Need for appropriate metal detector (and procedures)
Need for adequate site marking
Need not to handle devices unnecessarily
The most frequent activity at the time of an accident is the excavation of the ground - either to investigate a metal-detector (or dog-signal) or when removing the entire ground surface manually. Accidents occur during excavation almost as often as when engaged in all other activities put together, and so the minimum requirement for PPE in the International Mine Action Standards was designed to protect during "excavation".
Regardless of the requirements of the International Standards, the eye protection that is used in the field varies quite widely. Full-face 5mm polycarbonate visors are widely used, but also goggles and half-visors, masks, safety spectacles and helmets are used. The interface between the frontal body armour and the face/eye protection is often ignored.
Polycarbonate that has been formed using an oven with uneven heat distribution (or has been forced into shape using moulds) can lose its flexibility and become prone to catastrophic failure (shattering). The same is true of polycarbonate that has been subjected to prolonged exposure to sunlight (UVL). Polycarbonate that has been treated for scratch resistance has been deliberately heat-treated to reduce its softness (and also its flexibility) so should be avoided.
Visors are regularly penetrated by fragments from metal-cased mines and very occasionally by fragments from stones. None of the polycarbonate products sold for eye or face protection are very effective against a hot or ballistic projectile. Their ability to flex very rapidly means that they do provide very good protection against the blast associated with anti-personnel mines and the light and small fragments of soil and plastic mine-casing that result. For this reason, they should be called "Blast-visors" or "Blast goggles". The thinner the material, the lower the protection. 5mm untreated polycarbonate has been proven to work in most anti-personnel blast mines incidents, except when the visor is old and UVL hardened.
Even when full-face visors are issued to deminers, they are very frequently raised when a blast occurs.
This deminer was wearing his visor raised. Severe face injury like this does occur, but is rare. This deminer's face was rebuilt but nothing could be done about the loss of his eyes. Severe eye injury and eye loss is very common even when very little facial damage occurs.
To reinforce the need to wear appropriate eye protection at all times when excavating, the following examples of accidents may be useful.